Head Neck Cancer is a relatively rare type of cancer. Cancers that are known collectively as Head Neck Cancer usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck. Cancer of the mouth is the most common type of Head Neck Cancer. Head and neck cancers can also begin in the salivary glands. Head Neck Cancer are further categorized by the area of the head or neck in which they begin. Most tumors of the Head and Neck progress slowly. In these cases patients may survive for a period of nine months to a year or more.
Alcohol and tobacco use are the two most important risk factors for Head Neck Cancer. People who use both tobacco and alcohol are at greater risk of developing these cancers than people who use either tobacco or alcohol alone. At least 75 percent of Head Neck Cancer are caused by tobacco and alcohol use. Local symptoms like difficulty in swallowing, breathing and pain.
Treatment for head and neck cancer can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of treatments. Head Neck Cancer Treatment plan for an individual patient depends on a number of factors, including the exact location of the tumor, the stage of the cancer, and the person’s age and general health. The patient and the doctor should consider treatment options carefully. They should discuss each type of treatment. Radiotherapy is a very important pillar of oncology management either working solely or in addition to surgery or chemotherapy.
Most head and neck cancers begin in the cells that line the mucosal surfaces in the head and neck area, e.g., mouth, nose, and throat. Mucosal surfaces are moist tissues lining hollow organs and cavities of the body open to the environment. Radiotherapy is considered as the primary treatments while chemotherapy is usually used as an additional treatment. Primary cancer can be easily treated with the help of radiation therapy. Surgery is considered as a very important treatment that can be done either before or after the radiation therapy. Radiotherapy can also effectively treat the neck.